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Solar for Low-to-Moderate Income Housing is a Win-Win Investment

Solar for Low-to-Moderate Income Housing is a Win-Win Investment

We recently shared a project that we’ve been involved in to add rooftop solar to a revitalized building in Kansas City’s historic Northeast neighborhood. This project has been an exciting challenge as we partnered with multiple local organizations to achieve a breakthrough - solar energy for low-income tenants. Not only will the finished building provide affordable housing for tenants, but their energy needs will also be completely fulfilled through a rooftop solar installation.

For too long, solar energy has primarily been available to homeowners and businesses with significant capital to invest. However, recent studies and pilot projects are making the case for more renewable energy installation in low-to-moderate income housing developments. Let’s take a look at some of the factors that are encouraging this much-needed paradigm shift.

Lower Technology Costs

A few years ago, a pioneering study from Clean Energy Group found that solar+storage technology had become economically viable as a way to provide for the energy needs of multifamily housing developments. Titled, Resilience for Free: How Solar+Storage Could Protect Multifamily Affordable Housing from Power Outages at Little or No Net Cost, the study determined that “with the right market structures and incentives, solar+storage systems can provide a positive economic return on par with energy efficiency or stand-alone solar.”

As solar+storage systems continue to come down in cost, developers are now realizing that they will pay for themselves (and often provide a significant return on investment) over the lifetime of their housing projects. This incentive is important to housing developers, as it enables them to recoup costs, and a huge win for tenants as well, as it usually means much lower or even nonexistent electricity bills. Savvy developers are beginning to use solar and other energy efficient technologies as a selling point for potential tenants.

Successful Pilot Projects

On GreenTechMedia, Mike Mendelsohn of the Solar Energy Industry Association explores the success of Denver’s efforts to provide solar technology to low-income communities. While not without its challenges (primarily due to the lack of established pathways and the complications of HUD-owned properties), the city’s approach provides valuable lessons for housing developers and solar companies about future partnerships.

Mendelsohn writes that one of the successful approaches included entering into a power-purchase agreement (PPA) “focused solely on public housing, which narrowed and simplified the subsidy structure. The PPA was financed, owned and maintained by a third-party provider, which then sells the electricity to the DHA (Denver Housing Authority).” This enabled all parties involved to share the utility savings and also lift some of the monthly energy cost burden from tenants.

A second successful approach was embracing community solar. DHA recently financed a 2-megawatt solar system that “will power approximately 700 low-income units across Xcel Energy’s Denver territory, including DHA properties, other local housing authorities and affordable housing developers.” Community members can subscribe to the resulting energy plan, which was designed to lower utility rates by approximately 20%.

Abundant Opportunities

Solar Power World reflects on a 2018 report from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory titled “Rooftop Solar Technical Potential for Low-to-Moderate Income Housing in the United States.” It found that “nearly half of all the United States’ residential rooftop solar technical potential is on the dwellings of low-to-moderate income (LMI) households, representing 320 GW of potential solar capacity.” This new data promises to help both policymakers and energy stakeholders better understand the abundant opportunities for solar installation in LMI households.

One important finding was that by “including all roof space types (single-family owner-occupied, single-family renter-occupied, multi-family owner-occupied, and multi-family renter-occupied), solar generation can technically meet most electrical consumption for all income groups.” This report also endorses the community solar model, noting that “improving LMI solar access will require non-traditional rooftop (shared) solar models, such as community solar or virtual net metering” in order to make solar energy available to those with poor solar access.

While there is a lot of opportunity in this space, all parties acknowledge that more work needs to be done to make providing solar technology to LMI households and communities easier and more cost effective. This includes market and policy innovations around access to financing, educating LMI households about the benefits of renewable energy, and building incentive programs that would encourage developers to include solar technology in more of their projects.

At Solar Design Studio, we believe solar technology should be available to everyone. We work with each unique client to determine how best to achieve a significant return on their solar investment. If you’re ready to learn more about your own solar project, whether residential, business, or industrial, contact us today!


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What Our Clients Are Saying

I have researched adding PV to my home for several years and have met with several PV providers in the KC area and they tend to fall into two broad categories, the new and low budget operators who got into this to ride the wave and are not that knowledgeable, and the commercial providers who have little interest in working with a homeowner and are geared to providing a much larger system where some economy of scale must come into play. Both my wife and I are architects and we wanted something different and it was challenging to find someone who was interested in doing something out of the ordinary. Neither or those types were interested in working with us as we were trying to create something a bit different. they each wanted to sell us their pre-configured solutions.


Fortunately we found Bob Solger. He has been a delight to work with and is incredibly knowledgeable and responsive. We wanted to create a solar carport that would provide cover and protection for our cars, but would also provide shade over part of our patio. In essence, the big idea was to create an outdoor pavilion, when, if we wanted to entertain we could move the cars out of the way and have a large covered area for an outdoor gathering. We had selected the Lumos brand of solar panels as they have a very clean look and are partially transparent so some light filters through the panels creating a mottled light pattern on the ground, similar to the shading from a tree. In addition, the system is set up to hide the majority of the connecting wires in the support beams so when you look up at the underside of the PV roof you see a very clean look. Bob recognized our goal and worked with us to ensure the project’s success. Bob identified a structural engineer to design an elegant support structure and found a fabricator to build it affordably. Finally he connected us with a contracting team to clear the space, provide the footings, retaining walls, and pad, who were every bit as careful with everything as you would hope. They were amazingly accommodating to every request and understood that there were a lot of competing challenges that needed to be resolved so we could fit this all in to a very tight location and make it look like it belongs.


The bottom line is that it all turned out better than we could have hoped and while it did cost more than the low ball bids received from some of the low budget operators, it was less than the commercially focused suppliers, and more importantly we got the design we wanted and a well-constructed PV carport that will give us great delight for years to come. The best part is of course the savings on our electric bill, which thus far has been averaging around $200/month. So not only do we have a new carport and entertainment patio that our neighbors have been stopping by and admiring (which given that we live in the older Brookside neighborhood and our PV carport is quite modern, we were much relieved) but, our electric bills have been in the under $10/month range.


We owe a great debt of gratitude to Bob and his knowledge and team for helping to create an amazing PV carport for us. I’m sure you would be delighted with whatever you engage him to help you with.

Dev & Sue Malik

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